The most dangerous infectious disease that a dog can get is rabies. This infection can cause inflammation of the brain. It is contagious and also poses a threat to human life. A dog that has contracted this disease will most likely not be cured. This disease is insidious in that it cannot be recognized in a timely manner – treatment is possible only in the early stages of the development of the disease. Moreover, even before the onset of any symptoms, the animal is already becoming infectious. But by the time the first signs of the disease appear, changes in the central nervous system (central nervous system) have already become irreversible, therefore, in most cases, the disease is fatal. Moreover, the disease is extremely contagious: it is transmitted through saliva. Moreover, you can get infected not only from the bite of a rabid animal (although this is the most common option) but also through salivation of damaged skin. Is it possible, if a pet licks your hands or face, and there are any injuries or wounds on the skin? To protect yourself and your dog, it is worth it to regularly get vaccinated against rabies, starting from a very young age, as a puppy.
The highest risk of contracting rabies is in dogs that hunt wild animals. And just going out of town with an unvaccinated dog can be dangerous. The question of vaccinating your pet or not is even worth considering – definitely vaccinate!
Today, there are several types of rabies vaccines, but the essence of vaccinations boils down to one thing: to develop active immunity to viral disease. Inactivated vaccines against rabies are used, that is, the cells in them are not alive, but killed. Such vaccinations give less lasting immunity, but they are better tolerated.
The fact is that the vaccine allows you to prepare the dog’s immunity to a possible infection. If in the future the virus enters the body, then the immune cells will already be familiar with it and will be able to overcome it.
When to vaccinate your puppy?
A puppy should be vaccinated for the first time at the age of 3 months. A stamp on the passage of this procedure is entered into the animal’s passport, with the date indicated. It is necessary to repeat the vaccination every year and it is better to do it on the same day.
Rabies vaccination is a medical procedure that requires some preparation:
- Try to avoid contact with sick animals;
- 10 days before vaccination, the dog should be given a remedy for parasites (in the form of a tablet or suspension), the dose is calculated depending on the weight of the pet;
- Treat the animal from fleas.
Following the recommended procedures should help your dog respond normally to vaccination. In no case should a puppy be taken for vaccination if he is sick? A weakened body with lowered immunity may not tolerate vaccination well. The poor health of the dog should cause fear in the owner. You cannot vaccinate against rabies:
- Puppies less than 3 months old;
- Pregnant and lactating dogs;
- Recently operated animals;
- Sick pets.
In the event that the dog has any chronic diseases, then it is necessary to undergo a preventive examination, take tests and consult a veterinarian before vaccination.
How to get the first rabies shot, possible reaction!
Most often, rabies vaccination is carried out in conjunction with a comprehensive vaccination. It is recommended to vaccinate on an empty stomach. The syringe with the vaccine is injected into the withers of the puppy, pulling off the skin in this place.
Possible reactions after vaccination:
- Lethargy is a completely normal reaction after vaccination, it can last a couple of days;
- Lameness – a possible reaction due to soreness at the injection site, should go away in 3-5 days;
- Loss of appetite – if it does not go away the next day, then it is better to contact your veterinarian;
- Nausea and vomiting – considered normal only if vomiting is single;
- Lump at the injection site is a skin reaction that should not be feared;
- A rise in temperature to 39.5 after vaccination is considered a normal reaction of the dog’s body if it persists for less than three days;
- Anaphylactic shock is a rare reaction that requires immediate medical attention.
In most cases, vaccination takes place without any complications. But in order to reduce the threat of a possible allergic reaction, it is worth staying in the veterinary clinic for some time after the vaccination. If no reaction appears after the first 30 minutes, then everything is in order and you can return home.
What to do after vaccinating your puppy against rabies?
The first two weeks after vaccination are considered quarantine, so the puppy must be taken care of. In the event that this is not a second vaccine, but the first, then the quarantine period should be increased to a month. At this time follows:
- Do not overload the dog;
- Do not bathe;
- Avoid contact with other animals;
- Do not walk your pet in bad weather.
All these factors can weaken the dog’s immunity and lead to undesirable consequences after vaccination. Compliance with the recommendations will help the puppy tolerate vaccination without any complications.
It should be remembered that strong immunity against rabies in a dog is developed only after 30 days from the date of vaccination.
Medicines used for rabies vaccination
Rabies vaccines are used either monovalent (only protect against rabies) or polyvalent (that is, complex).
Here are the names of vaccines currently in use in Russia: Rabizin; Eurican DHPPiLR; Nobivak Rabies; Defensor.
The cost of rabies vaccination depends on the drug chosen, it is better to clarify the information by calling the clinic or on the website.
Remember that the rabies vaccine is the only vaccine that is regulated by law. With an unvaccinated puppy, it is forbidden to appear in public places, travel in public transport and travel abroad. Also, dogs without vaccinations are not allowed on exhibitions and breeding.
Read also on the topic: Rabies disease: Everything you should know