Many people do not even realize that their pets’ teeth need careful care. Cats and dogs cannot brush their teeth on their own, so a caring owner should take on this responsibility. You can take care of your pet’s oral cavity with a special toothbrush, and buy rubber toys to help remove plaque from teeth. However, these measures are not enough, and the animal may develop tartar, which later can cause gum disease, loosening or even tooth loss. The first alarm signal for the owner is the appearance of an unpleasant odour from the pet’s mouth. If you feel it, then you should not delay visiting a veterinarian-dentist.
Why reorganization is needed
Sanitation includes a complex of procedures aimed at full care of the oral cavity of a cat or dog. One of the most important steps is dental plaque removal.
As you know, if you do not clean your teeth and gums daily, small food particles can accumulate in the oral cavity. First, this leads to the formation of plaque, which after a while mineralizes and turns into stone. If it is not removed in a timely manner, then the animal’s teeth may become loose. In some cases, there is severe inflammation in the mouth. If you notice that your pet has become lethargic and began to refuse food, and at the same time he has bad breath, then you definitely need to show him to a specialist.
Of course, it is better not to wait for serious symptoms of dental and gum disease in an animal. Visit your veterinarian dentist twice a year for prevention.
How is reorganization carried out
Previously, tartar was removed from animals mechanically. But this is in the past, because time does not stand still. In the field of dental treatment, new methods are constantly appearing, advanced technologies are used. Now ultrasound equipment is used to remove tartar, and the cleaning process has practically no side effects. The stone is safely removed, and the enamel of the teeth is not injured at all (unlike the mechanical method of cleaning).
Oral cavity sanitation is most often performed under general anaesthesia. Why is this needed? The fact is that animals do not like it when veterinarians carry out any manipulations with them. They are under intense stress, trying to break free. The use of anaesthesia makes the sanitation procedure painless and completely safe. After your pet receives a dose of anaesthesia, he will fall asleep. During his sleep veterinarian, the dentist will examine the oral cavity, carry out a comprehensive cleaning, remove diseased teeth (if necessary). Sometimes tartar needs to be removed not only above the gums but also below them because otherwise, the inflammation in the oral cavity will only progress. After brushing, the surface of the teeth is polished. In some cases, after debridement, medication may be required. For example, if a bad tooth was removed to an animal, then the veterinarian may prescribe a course intake of an anti-inflammatory drug.
Don’t be afraid of anaesthesia. If your pet does not have a serious illness, then it will not cause him any harm. However, before the debridement, it is better to pass clinical and biochemical blood tests, as well as to do a cardiogram to rule out heart problems. If necessary, an X-ray is also prescribed, which allows the veterinarian-dentist to examine in detail the condition of the roots of the teeth and reveal the presence of hidden inflammations.
Before and after sanitation of the oral cavity
Prevention of Dental and Gum Disease in Dogs
It is necessary to take care of your pet’s teeth from an early age. Brushing your teeth should be done at least 3 times a week. Oral Sanitation in Dogs should be performed every 6 months. Particular attention should be paid to animals of those breeds that have a genetic predisposition to the formation of calculus on the teeth. These include Toy Terriers, Chihuahuas, Pomeranians, Shih Tzu and some other small dogs. One of the main reasons for the occurrence of tartar in them is the predominance of soft food in the diet. In order for the teeth to clean naturally, the dog must periodically chew on something hard, such as a bone. If you notice that your pet behaves strangely when eating, reacts negatively to cold or hot food, chooses only soft food, then most likely some kind of inflammation has appeared in its oral cavity. In such a situation, do not delay the visit to the veterinarian.
Prevention of dental and gum disease in cats
Cat owners, as a rule, very rarely turn to specialists in order to sanitize their pet’s oral cavity. However, according to statistics, 3 out of 4 individuals (over the age of 5 years) have problems with teeth or gums. Cats are very patient animals, but at some point, the situation can become critical. Due to the occurrence of tartar, not only the gums become inflamed, but also the tissues around the roots of the teeth. All this leads to loose teeth, bad breath, decreased appetite, increased salivation, and strange behaviour of the animal.
The most important condition for preventing serious problems with teeth and gums is constant brushing. The cat’s teeth must be cleaned with a special silicone brush, which is put on the owner’s finger. It can be difficult to do this because many animals have a difficult character. A big mistake for cat owners is to feed their pets only soft food. The diet must certainly contain solid or fibrous components that help remove tartar. In any case, professional oral hygiene in cats should be performed 1-2 times a year. The older your pet, the more attention you need to pay to his teeth and gums.
Animals that have oral problems cannot eat well. They experience constant stress from unpleasant painful sensations. Often, against this background, they develop serious diseases of the internal organs. To avoid all this, you must periodically visit your veterinarian-dentist in order to sanitize your pet’s oral cavity. Dental treatment in animals, removal of calculus and plaque are necessary procedures. They are needed so that your pet is always healthy, cheerful, cheerful, full of strength and energy. In addition, modern technologies and methods of treatment make these procedures completely painless.